A good example would be ostriches. Until now, there has only been one ostrich species that has ever been recorded. This specie was placed under the threatened list as “least concern”. However, a new assessment shows that the Somali ostrich, scientific name Struthiomolybdophanes, was found in Kenya, Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Somalia. This is now considered as a distinct species and it’s even listed under “vulnerable” in the red list. These ostriches are facing problems with their population because of egg collecting, hunting and persecution.
Researchers and conservationist are now working double time to categorize as much individual species as they can. They also ask help from locals to identify them.